The city of Galle plays an important role in Sri Lankan history, specially when considering about the international relationships during the historical times. Many foreign vendors such as Arabs, Chinese and Greeks visited this place for trading. Even the this city was marked in the "Ptolemy's" world map done on 125-150 AD
Although the Galle fort is famous as a Dutch fort, the construction of the fort was started by Portuguese. Actually Galle was considered as the place where Portuguese first arrived to Sri Lanka in 1505. The famous Portuguese invader "Lorenzo de Almeida" was able to make a close connection with the Sri Lankan king Dharmaparakramabahu and got his blessing to built a camp, which was done to ensure the safety of Sri Lanka. But ultimately this place became a prison for the local Sinhalese community who were against the cruel Portuguese rulers.